Digital Transformation and Empowering Technologies in Higher Education

By Professor Grainne Conole

I recently attended a HEA Future-focus Forum on Digital Transformation and Empowering Technologies in Higher Education. Prior to the meeting a paper was circulated setting the scene for the meeting. This contextualized the topic by referencing various Irish and EU relevant documents, including the Irish Future Jobs Initiative, the Digital Agenda for Europe, the European Digital Education Action Plan, the European Higher Education Area in 2018, etc.

HkS68JKL_400x400.jpgThe paper argued that digital transformation is pervasive and can be understood as the changes that digital technology causes or influences in all aspects of human life. In addition, Higher Education will change significantly over the coming years due to digital transformation. Critical questions include: how can higher education Institutions (HEI) provide leadership in ensuring an ethical and responsible use of technology and data? How do we empower people to build a data-first culture and future proof our digital infrastructure? What are the challenges and how do we prepare for them? What international best practice exists to inform a national approach to digital transformation in Higher Education?

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The Minister for Higher Education, Mary Mitchell O’Connor, opened the meeting. She argued that digital transformation should be at the core of all Higher Education Institutions and that digital literacy is essential for all citizens. She referred to the recently launched Technology Skills 2022 Action Plan. She argued that students should be at the centre of all that we do, and that the iPhone generation are now 10 years old, whose primary communication mechanisms is through social media. However, despite the benefits of technologies, there are associated risks, such as issues around mental health and the problem of cyberbullying. New technologies are emerging all the time, such as Artificial Intelligence, robotics, Virtual and Augmented Realities. She stated that 1 in 3 jobs will be affected by digitization. Fundamentally, she argued that creativity is no longer a soft skill, it is a core skill.

Tim Fowler, Chief Executive, Tertiary Education Commission, New Zealand, focused on future proofing digital infrastructure for HE.  He had three key messages: we need to be brave and be prepared to take risks and embrace change, we need to future proof and harness rich data, and we need to move towards more open practices.

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Source: https://unsplash.com/photos/vZJdYl5JVXY

Regina Murray from Microsoft Ireland pointed to some of the emergent technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, the Internet of Things, Mixed Reality, Blockchain Technologies, and Quantum Computing, She referred to the Microsoft Transformation Framework for Higher Education, which provides practical advice on how to develop a holistic digital transformation strategy. This is based on three components: teaching and learning, research and the connected campus.

Paul Doyle, from the Technological University Dublin (TUD) argued that the future is unpredictable, he referenced Gartner’s hype curve of the rise and fall of technologies. He listed five future pressures for education: digital identity and how do we know who our learners are, data transfer, the need to constantly power up and be connected, the issue of cyber-security and increasing importance of online learning. He concluded by stating we are facing a digital tsunami, with single device access.

Mary Aiken, from University College Dublin (UCD), lead the second part of the session and focused on cyberpsychology, which is the study of the impact of technology on human behaviour.  She argued that whilst we are more connected than ever, young people are experiencing greater levels of anxiety, depressions and social isolation. Alarmingly she quoted that anxiety and depression has increased by 70% over the last 25 years and that around 20% of young people don’t think it is worth living.

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The final session focused on providing leadership in responsible and ethical technology. This included reference to Bauman’s seminal work on liquid modernity and in particular that today’s environment is fragile, temporal, vulnerable and constantly changing. Gerald Bast, Rector of the University of Applied Arts in Vienna, argued that we need different skills, such as complex problem solving and critical thinking. He envisioned what universities in 2050 might look like. He argued that they would focus on topics rather than discipline, that lifelong learning would be central, that MOOCs and open access would be prominent, that emergent technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and Augmented Reality would be important, that there would be new roles for teachers, that curricula would be personalized and that students would collaborate rather than compete.

The proceedings and presentations from the event will be available on the HEA website  in the coming weeks. Overall, it was a valuable day with lots of thought-provoking issues raised. Many of these issues will be explored further at this year’s ICDE World Conference on Online that Dublin City University (DCU) is hosting in the Convention Centre in early  November.

 

 

Top 10 Open Access Journal Articles for 2018: Our Final Selection

Over the past week we have been sharing via Twitter our selection of the top 10 open access journal articles for 2018. This is the third year that the NIDL team has undertaken this exercise. You can read more about our selection criteria and previous top 10 selections for 2017 and 2016 in earlier blog posts. We will also be posting a more detailed blog explaining each of our selections for 2018 along with general comments and observations arising from the experience. In the meantime here is the final list of our top 10 articles for the year:

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The Top 10

No. 1

An Analysis of Peer Reviewed Publications on Openness in Education in Half a Century: Trends and Patterns in the Open Hemisphere, in Australasian Journal of Educational Technology by Aras Bozkurt, Suzan Koseoglu and Lenandlar Singh

No. 2

Helping Doctoral Students Crack the Publication Code: An Evaluation and Content Analysis of the Australasian Journal of Educational Technologyin Australasian Journal of Educational Technology by Melissa Bond

No. 3

Dawn or Dusk of the 5th Age of Research in Educational Technology? A Literature Review on (e-)Leadership for Technology-enhanced Learning in Higher Education (2013-2017), in International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education by Deborah Arnold and Albert Sangrà

 No. 4

UK Higher Education Institutions’ Technology-enhanced Learning Strategies from the Perspective of Disruptive Innovation, in Research in Learning Technology by Michael Flavin and Valentina Quintero

No. 5

Twenty-years of EDECH, in EDUCAUSE Review by Martin Weller

No. 6

Digital Competence and Digital Literacy in Higher Education Research: Systematic Review of Concept Use, in Cogent Education by Maria Spante, Sylvana SofkovaHashemi, Mona Lundin and Anne Algers

No. 7

Higher Education Dominance and Siloed knowledge: A Systematic Review of Flipped Classroom Research, in International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Educationby Mona Lundin, Annika Bergviken Rensfeldt, Thomas Hillman, Annika Lantz-Andersson and Louise Peterson

No. 8

Mapping the Open Education Landscape: Citation Network Analysis of Historical Open and Distance Education Research, in Open Praxis by Martin Weller, Katy Jordan, Irwin DeVries and Viv Rolfe

No. 9

Open Educational Practices in Australia: A First-phase National Audit of Higher Education, in International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning (IRRODL) by Adrian Stagg, Linh Nguyen2 Carina Bossu, Helen Partridge, Johanna Funk, and Kate Judith

No. 10

What Research Says About MOOCs – An Explorative Content Analysis, in International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning(IRRODL) by Olaf Zawacki-Richter, Aras Bozkurt, Uthman Alturki, and Ahmed Aldraiweesh

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